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Shri Prakash Javadekar- HRM
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Sailboat in Karachi bay
The coast of Sindh and Makran have many sheltered bays and ancient Harappan sites have been located along the coast to the border of modern Iran. These coastal settlements were involved in fishing and trading, using the monsoon winds to travel back and forth to Oman and the Persian Gulf region Bullock cart and boat
A traditional bullock cart and flat bottomed ferry boat are still used for local transport along the Indus River near the ancient site of Mohenjo daro, Sindh in Pakistan. Desert Nomads
Desert nomads of Cholistan in Punjab come to the annual festival at Channan Pir. They bring with them produce from their herds and minerals from the desert. Similar relationships probably existed between ancient Indus urban centers and nomadic communities
Terraced fields
Terraced fields along the Margalla hills north of Islamabad, represent the adaptive strategy of agriculture in different parts of the greater Indus Valley. Similar agricultural villages were established by Indus settlers in Baluchistan and the northern regions, as far north as Badakhshan in Afghanistan Himalaya Mountains
Nanga Parbat and numerous other glacier draped mountains of the Himalaya, Karakorum and Hindu Kush provide a continuous source of water for the Indus and its tributaries. These mountain ranges also provided important timber, animal products, and minerals, gold, silver, tin and semiprecious stones that were traded throughout the Indus Valley Chitral Valley
The aromatic cedar or deodar growing in Chitral valley is still used to make houses and coffins, following a tradition that dates back to the first Indus cities. Beyond the snow capped mountains in the background is the region of Badakhshan, Afghanistan, a major source of the deep blue lapis lazuli. This valuable rock was mined during the Indus period and traded throughout the Indus Valley and to far off Mesopotamia and Egypt.
This view shows the high western mound made up of a massive mud brick platform and brick houses of the Harappan period 2600 to 1900 B. C. On top of the Harappan structures is a Buddhist period stupa made of mud brick that dates to the first century A.D. Great Bath Mohenjodaro
The great bath is without doubt the earliest public water tank in the ancient world. The tank itself measures approximately 12 meters north south and 7 meters wide with a maximum depth of 2.4 meters. Two wide staircases lead down into the tank from the north and south and small sockets at the edges of the stairs are thought to have held wooden planks or treads. At the foot of the stairs is a small ledge with a brick edging that extends the entire width of the pool. People coming down the stairs could move along this ledge without actually stepping into the pool itself Street Mohenjo daro
At Mohenjo daro narrow streets and alleyways branch off of the major streets leading into more private neighborhoods. Many of the brick houses were two stories high with thick walls and high ceilings to keep the rooms cool in the hot summer months
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